National Library of Medicine Citations for Crohn's Disease

The following have had published studies. These are report on the averages of a group of patients; they do not apply to all patients and are not necessary predictive.

Some studies were done on people with specific conditions, ethnic origin or diet style (i.e. traditional Chinese Diet versus Western Diet), which may be why some shifts are in opposite directions.

See this post about overlapping bacteria/taxa and possible progression of conditions.

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Note these are associations and not causation. Items being high or low may be part of the immune response.

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A percentile below 20% can be deemed to be low, and above 80% as high. These are arbitrary values.

Tax Rank Tax Name Shift Percentile Distribution Citation Link
class Bacilli (NCBI:91061 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
class Bacilli (NCBI:91061 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
class Clostridia (NCBI:186801 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
class Clostridia (NCBI:186801 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
class Clostridia (NCBI:186801 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Aerococcaceae (NCBI:186827 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Bifidobacteriaceae (NCBI:31953 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Christensenellaceae (NCBI:990719 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Enterobacteriaceae (NCBI:543 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Enterobacteriaceae (NCBI:543 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Lachnospiraceae (NCBI:186803 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Ruminococcaceae (NCBI:541000 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Abiotrophia (NCBI:46123 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Acetobacter (NCBI:434 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Acidaminococcus (NCBI:904 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Actinobacillus (NCBI:713 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Actinomyces (NCBI:1654 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Adlercreutzia (NCBI:447020 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Akkermansia (NCBI:239934 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Akkermansia (NCBI:239934 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Alistipes (NCBI:239759 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerofustis (NCBI:264995 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerostipes (NCBI:207244 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerostipes (NCBI:207244 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerostipes (NCBI:207244 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerotruncus (NCBI:244127 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerotruncus (NCBI:244127 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bacteroides (NCBI:816 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bacteroides (NCBI:816 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bacteroides (NCBI:816 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bacteroides (NCBI:816 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Barnesiella (NCBI:397864 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bifidobacterium (NCBI:1678 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bifidobacterium (NCBI:1678 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bifidobacterium (NCBI:1678 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bifidobacterium (NCBI:1678 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bilophila (NCBI:35832 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Blautia (NCBI:572511 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Blautia (NCBI:572511 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Blautia (NCBI:572511 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Burkholderia (NCBI:32008 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyricicoccus (NCBI:580596 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyricicoccus (NCBI:580596 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyrivibrio (NCBI:830 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyrivibrio (NCBI:830 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyrivibrio (NCBI:830 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Campylobacter (NCBI:194 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Campylobacter (NCBI:194 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Candida (NCBI:1535326 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Catenibacterium (NCBI:135858 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Catenibacterium (NCBI:135858 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Catenibacterium (NCBI:135858 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Cetobacterium (NCBI:180162 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Citrobacter (NCBI:544 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Citrobacter (NCBI:544 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Clostridium (NCBI:1485 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Collinsella (NCBI:102106 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Collinsella (NCBI:102106 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Coprobacillus (NCBI:100883 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Coprobacillus (NCBI:100883 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Coprococcus (NCBI:33042 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Coprococcus (NCBI:33042 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Coprococcus (NCBI:33042 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Coprococcus (NCBI:33042 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dehalobacterium (NCBI:51514 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Desulfovibrio (NCBI:872 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Desulfovibrio (NCBI:872 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Desulfovibrio (NCBI:872 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dialister (NCBI:39948 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dorea (NCBI:189330 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dorea (NCBI:189330 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dorea (NCBI:189330 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Eggerthella (NCBI:84111 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Enterobacter (NCBI:547 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Enterococcus (NCBI:1350 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Enterococcus (NCBI:1350 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Enterococcus (NCBI:1350 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Enterococcus (NCBI:1350 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Enterococcus (NCBI:1350 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Enterococcus (NCBI:1350 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Escherichia (NCBI:561 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Escherichia (NCBI:561 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Escherichia (NCBI:561 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Escherichia (NCBI:561 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Eubacterium (NCBI:1730 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Eubacterium (NCBI:1730 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Facklamia (NCBI:66831 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Flavonifractor (NCBI:946234 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Flavonifractor (NCBI:946234 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Fusicatenibacter (NCBI:1407607 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Fusobacterium (NCBI:848 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Fusobacterium (NCBI:848 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Fusobacterium (NCBI:848 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Gemmiger (NCBI:204475 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Gordonibacter (NCBI:644652 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Haemophilus (NCBI:724 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Jonquetella (NCBI:428711 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Klebsiella (NCBI:570 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Klebsiella (NCBI:570 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Klebsiella (NCBI:570 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Lachnospira (NCBI:28050 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Lactobacillus (NCBI:1578 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Lactobacillus (NCBI:1578 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Lactococcus (NCBI:1357 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Leuconostoc (NCBI:1243 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Malassezia (NCBI:55193 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Megamonas (NCBI:158846 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Megamonas (NCBI:158846 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Megasphaera (NCBI:906 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Methanobrevibacter (NCBI:2172 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Methanobrevibacter (NCBI:2172 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Methanobrevibacter (NCBI:2172 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Methanosphaera (NCBI:2316 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Mitsuokella (NCBI:52225 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Mitsuokella (NCBI:52225 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Odoribacter (NCBI:283168 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Odoribacter (NCBI:283168 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Olsenella (NCBI:133925 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Oscillibacter (NCBI:459786 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Oscillibacter (NCBI:459786 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Paenibacillus (NCBI:44249 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Pantoea (NCBI:53335 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Pantoea (NCBI:53335 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Paraprevotella (NCBI:577309 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Paraprevotella (NCBI:577309 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parasutterella (NCBI:577310 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parasutterella (NCBI:577310 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parvimonas (NCBI:543311 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Peptostreptococcus (NCBI:1257 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Phascolarctobacterium (NCBI:33024 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Porphyromonas (NCBI:836 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Proteus (NCBI:583 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Proteus (NCBI:210425 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Roseburia (NCBI:841 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Roseburia (NCBI:841 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Roseburia (NCBI:841 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Roseburia (NCBI:841 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Ruminococcus (NCBI:1263 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Ruminococcus (NCBI:1263 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Ruminococcus (NCBI:1263 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Shigella (NCBI:620 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Shigella (NCBI:620 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Shigella (NCBI:620 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Slackia (NCBI:84108 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Subdoligranulum (NCBI:292632 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Subdoligranulum (NCBI:292632 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Succinatimonas (NCBI:674963 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Sutterella (NCBI:40544 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Sutterella (NCBI:40544 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Sutterella (NCBI:40544 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Thermoanaerobacter (NCBI:1754 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Treponema (NCBI:157 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Veillonella (NCBI:29465 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Vibrio (NCBI:662 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
order Eubacteriales (NCBI:186802 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
order Lactobacillales (NCBI:186826 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
order Verrucomicrobiales (NCBI:48461 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Actinobacteria (NCBI:201174 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Actinobacteria (NCBI:201174 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Bacteroidetes (NCBI:976 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Firmicutes (NCBI:1239 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Firmicutes (NCBI:1239 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Firmicutes (NCBI:1239 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Proteobacteria (NCBI:1224 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Proteobacteria (NCBI:1224 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Proteobacteria (NCBI:1224 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Proteobacteria (NCBI:1224 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Proteobacteria (NCBI:1224 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species [Clostridium] leptum (NCBI:1535 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species [Eubacterium] rectale (NCBI:39491 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Bacteroides fragilis (NCBI:817 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Bacteroides fragilis (NCBI:817 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Bacteroides uniformis (NCBI:820 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Blautia coccoides (NCBI:1532 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Blautia faecis (NCBI:871665 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Escherichia coli (NCBI:562 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Escherichia coli (NCBI:562 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Francisella tularensis (NCBI:263 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Fusobacterium nucleatum (NCBI:851 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Prevotella oralis (NCBI:28134 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Roseburia inulinivorans (NCBI:360807 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Roseburia sp. (NCBI:2049040 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Ruminococcus gnavus (NCBI:33038 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed

All suggestions are computed solely on their predicted microbiome impact. Safety, side-effects etc must be evaluated by your medical professionals before starting. Some items suggests have significant risk of adverse consequences for some people.

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