National Library of Medicine Citations for Multiple Sclerosis

The following have had published studies. These are report on the averages of a group of patients; they do not apply to all patients and are not necessary predictive.

Some studies were done on people with specific conditions, ethnic origin or diet style (i.e. traditional Chinese Diet versus Western Diet), which may be why some shifts are in opposite directions.

See this post about overlapping bacteria/taxa and possible progression of conditions.

AI Engines For more Details: PerplexityKagi LabsYou

Note these are associations and not causation. Items being high or low may be part of the immune response.

You do not have any samples under this email

A percentile below 20% can be deemed to be low, and above 80% as high. These are arbitrary values.

Tax Rank Tax Name Shift Percentile Distribution Citation Link
class Actinomycetia (NCBI:1760 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
class Bacteroidia (NCBI:200643 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
class Clostridia (NCBI:186801 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
class Coriobacteriia (NCBI:84998 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Barnesiellaceae (NCBI:2005519 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Christensenellaceae (NCBI:990719 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Desulfovibrionaceae (NCBI:194924 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Lachnospiraceae (NCBI:186803 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Lachnospiraceae (NCBI:186803 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Methanobacteriaceae (NCBI:2159 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Oscillospiraceae (NCBI:216572 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Ruminococcaceae (NCBI:541000 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Ruminococcaceae (NCBI:541000 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
family Verrucomicrobiaceae (NCBI:203557 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Acinetobacter (NCBI:469 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Adlercreutzia (NCBI:447020 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Adlercreutzia (NCBI:447020 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Adlercreutzia (NCBI:447020 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Akkermansia (NCBI:239934 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Akkermansia (NCBI:239934 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Akkermansia (NCBI:239934 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Alistipes (NCBI:239759 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerofustis (NCBI:264995 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerostipes (NCBI:207244 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerostipes (NCBI:207244 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Anaerotruncus (NCBI:244127 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bacteroides (NCBI:816 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bacteroides (NCBI:816 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bifidobacterium (NCBI:1678 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bifidobacterium (NCBI:1678 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Bilophila (NCBI:35832 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Blautia (NCBI:572511 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Blautia (NCBI:572511 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Blautia (NCBI:572511 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyricicoccus (NCBI:580596 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyricimonas (NCBI:574697 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyricimonas (NCBI:574697 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Butyricimonas (NCBI:574697 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Clostridium (NCBI:1485 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Clostridium (NCBI:1485 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Clostridium (NCBI:1485 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Clostridium (NCBI:1485 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Coprobacillus (NCBI:100883 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Desulfotomaculum (NCBI:1562 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Desulfovibrio (NCBI:872 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Desulfovibrio (NCBI:872 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Desulfovibrio (NCBI:872 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dorea (NCBI:189330 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dorea (NCBI:189330 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Dorea (NCBI:189330 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Eggerthella (NCBI:84111 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Erwinia (NCBI:551 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Faecalibacterium (NCBI:216851 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Flavobacterium (NCBI:237 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Flavobacterium (NCBI:237 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Fusobacterium (NCBI:848 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Fusobacterium (NCBI:848 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Gemmiger (NCBI:204475 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Haemophilus (NCBI:724 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Haemophilus (NCBI:724 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Haemophilus (NCBI:724 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Intestinibacter (NCBI:1505657 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Lactobacillus (NCBI:1578 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Lactobacillus (NCBI:1578 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Methanobrevibacter (NCBI:2172 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Methanobrevibacter (NCBI:2172 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Methanobrevibacter (NCBI:2172 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Mycoplana (NCBI:13159 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Mycoplana (NCBI:13159 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Mycoplasma (NCBI:2093 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Olsenella (NCBI:133925 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Parabacteroides (NCBI:375288 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Pedobacter (NCBI:84567 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Prevotella (NCBI:838 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Pseudomonas (NCBI:286 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Pseudomonas (NCBI:286 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Roseburia (NCBI:841 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Roseburia (NCBI:841 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Ruminococcus (NCBI:1263 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Ruminococcus (NCBI:1263 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Sporobacter (NCBI:44748 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Streptococcus (NCBI:1301 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Streptococcus (NCBI:1301 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Streptococcus (NCBI:1301 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Sutterella (NCBI:40544 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
genus Turicibacter (NCBI:191303 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Actinobacteria (NCBI:201174 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Bacteroidetes (NCBI:976 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Bacteroidetes (NCBI:976 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Cyanobacteria (NCBI:1117 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Euryarchaeota (NCBI:28890 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Firmicutes (NCBI:1239 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Lentisphaerae (NCBI:256845 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Proteobacteria (NCBI:1224 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Proteobacteria (NCBI:1224 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Tenericutes (NCBI:544448 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
phylum Verrucomicrobia (NCBI:74201 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species [Clostridium] leptum (NCBI:1535 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species [Eubacterium] rectale (NCBI:39491 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species [Eubacterium] rectale (NCBI:39491 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species [Eubacterium] rectale (NCBI:39491 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Akkermansia muciniphila (NCBI:239935 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Akkermansia muciniphila (NCBI:239935 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Alistipes onderdonkii (NCBI:328813 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Anaerostipes hadrus (NCBI:649756 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Anaerostipes hadrus (NCBI:649756 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Bacteroides fragilis (NCBI:817 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Bacteroides stercoris (NCBI:46506 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Bacteroides stercoris (NCBI:46506 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Bifidobacterium longum (NCBI:216816 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Butyricimonas virosa (NCBI:544645 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Clostridiaceae bacterium (NCBI:1898204 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Clostridium perfringens (NCBI:1502 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Clostridium sp. (NCBI:1506 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Eggerthella lenta (NCBI:84112 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Eggerthella lenta (NCBI:84112 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (NCBI:853 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Holdemanella biformis (NCBI:1735 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Lachnospira eligens (NCBI:39485 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Lachnospira pectinoschiza (NCBI:28052 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Lactobacillus rogosae (NCBI:706562 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Lactobacillus rogosae (NCBI:706562 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Limosilactobacillus fermentum (NCBI:1613 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Megamonas funiformis (NCBI:437897 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Megamonas funiformis (NCBI:437897 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Methanobrevibacter smithii (NCBI:2173 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Parabacteroides distasonis (NCBI:823 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Phocaeicola coprocola (NCBI:310298 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Phocaeicola coprocola (NCBI:310298 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Phocaeicola coprophilus (NCBI:387090 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Phocaeicola coprophilus (NCBI:387090 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Phocaeicola coprophilus (NCBI:387090 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Prevotella copri (NCBI:165179 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Prevotella copri (NCBI:165179 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Streptococcus anginosus (NCBI:1328 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Streptococcus parasanguinis (NCBI:1318 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Streptococcus salivarius (NCBI:1304 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Streptococcus salivarius (NCBI:1304 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Streptococcus salivarius (NCBI:1304 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Streptococcus thermophilus (NCBI:1308 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Streptococcus thermophilus (NCBI:1308 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Sutterella wadsworthensis (NCBI:40545 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species Sutterella wadsworthensis (NCBI:40545 ) Low Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed
species group Acinetobacter calcoaceticus/baumannii complex (NCBI:909768 ) High Distribution    ๐Ÿ“š PubMed

All suggestions are computed solely on their predicted microbiome impact. Safety, side-effects etc must be evaluated by your medical professionals before starting. Some items suggests have significant risk of adverse consequences for some people.

Special thanks to David F Morrison and Geert Van Houcke for doing Quality Assurance. Special thanks to Oliver Luk, B.Sc. (Biology) from BiomeSight for spot checking the coding of data from the US National Library of Medicine

This is an Academic site. It generates theoretical models of what may benefit a specific microbiome results.

Copyright 2016-2023 Lassesen Consulting, LLC [2007], DBA, Microbiome Prescription. All rights served.
Permission to data scrap or reverse engineer is explicitly denied to all users. U.S. Code Title 18 PART I CHAPTER 47 ยงโ€ฏ1030, CETS No.185, CFAA
Use of data on this site is prohibited except under written license. There is no charge for individual personal use. Use for any commercial applications or research requires a written license.
Caveat emptor: Analysis and suggestions are based on modelling (and thus infererence) based on studies. The data sources are usually given for those that wish to consider alternative inferences. theories and models.

Microbiome Prescription do not make any representations that data or analyses available on this site is suitable for human diagnostic purposes, for informing treatment decisions, or for any other purposes and accept no responsibility or liability whatsoever for such use.
This site is not Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) compliant.


The awesome web hosting site that we use. Try it if you need to host (or unhappy with current provider)