Legionella Details: NCBI 445, gram-negative or unknown [genus]

| Legionella| Legionella Brenner et al. 1979| Sarcobium| Sarcobium Drozanski 1991

  1. Legionnaires' Disease:

    • Symptoms: Legionnaires' disease is a severe form of pneumonia with symptoms that include high fever, cough, shortness of breath, muscle aches, and headaches. Gastrointestinal symptoms may also occur.
    • Severity: Legionnaires' disease can be severe and may lead to complications, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems, the elderly, and those with underlying health conditions.
    • Transmission: The bacteria are transmitted to humans through the inhalation of aerosolized water droplets containing Legionella. Common sources include cooling towers, air conditioning systems, hot tubs, showers, and fountains.
  2. Pontiac Fever:

    • Symptoms: Pontiac fever is a milder illness characterized by flu-like symptoms, including fever, muscle aches, and headaches. Gastrointestinal symptoms may also occur.
    • Severity: Pontiac fever is generally a self-limiting illness, and individuals usually recover without specific medical treatment.
    • Transmission: Similar to Legionnaires' disease, Pontiac fever is transmitted through the inhalation of aerosolized particles containing Legionella.
  3. Amoebic Hosts:

    • Legionella species are known to replicate within amoebae, which can serve as hosts. This intracellular lifestyle within amoebae may contribute to the persistence of Legionella in aquatic environments.
  4. Reservoirs:

    • Legionella species are commonly found in natural water sources, but they can proliferate in human-made water systems with warm temperatures, such as those used for air conditioning and industrial cooling.
  5. Prevention:

    • Preventive measures include regular maintenance and cleaning of water systems, proper design and maintenance of cooling towers, and the use of disinfection methods to control Legionella growth.
  6. Antibiotic Treatment:

    • Legionnaires' disease is treated with antibiotics, usually macrolides or quinolones. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial for a positive outcome.
  7. Public Health Concern:

    • Outbreaks of Legionnaires' disease have been associated with contaminated water systems in buildings, hotels, hospitals, and other facilities. Monitoring and management of water quality are essential for preventing outbreaks.

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More Information
Statistics 2432 Interactions with Other Bacteria NCBI Data Punk End Products Produced

Lab Reporting

Different labs use different software to read the sample. See this post for more details.
One lab may say you have none, another may say you have a lot! - This may be solely due to the software they are using to estimate.
We deem lab specific values using values from the KM method for each specific lab to be the most reliable.

Desired Levels Suggestions for Legionella

Using Kaltoft-Moldrup Heuristic Using uploaded data for Legionella

Lab Low and High are calculated using the formula that most labs use: Mean - 2 Standard Deviation to Mean + 2 Standard Deviation

These are values that are computed from lab specific samples (Patent Pending)
LabKM LowKM Percentile LowKM HighKM Percentile HighLab LowLab HighMean MedianStandard DeviationBox Plot LowBox Plot High
* 10 6.8 %ile 290 97.4 %ile 0 282 67.8 40 109.2 0 100
biomesight 10 3.3 %ile 330 97.5 %ile 0 289 70.5 40 111.7 0 100
thryve 1 0 %ile 115 100 %ile 0 74 28.6 22 23 7 41
ubiome 17 0 %ile 17 100 %ile 17 17 17 17
Lab Suggestions for Legionella
Legionella (NCBI 445) per million
Low Boundary High Boundary Low Boundary %age High Boundary %age Lab Samples
3.78 8.52 0.0004 0.0009 Thorne (20/80%ile)
Statistic by Lab Source for Legionella
These desired values are reported from the lab reports
Lab Frequency Seen Average Standard Deviation Sample Count Lab Samples
BiomeSight 67.162 %   0.007 %  0.011 % 1853.0 2759
BiomeSightRdp 43.243 %   0.005 %  0.003 % 16.0 37
bugspeak 100 %   0.005 %  % 1.0 1
CerbaLab 66.667 %   0.001 %  0 % 2.0 3
custom 1.667 %   0.001 %  % 1.0 60
es-xenogene 13.793 %   0.03 %  0.013 % 4.0 29
Medivere 42.857 %   0.002 %  0.001 % 3.0 7
Thorne 91.781 %   0.001 %  0.001 % 67.0 73
Thryve 5.793 %   0.003 %  0.002 % 80.0 1381
uBiome 0.126 %   0.002 %  % 1.0 791

Symptoms Associated with Legionella From Citizen Science Studies

Click on Impact for information if high or low levels are causing the impact

MagnitudeImpactSymptom
1 Reduces General: Fatigue
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Inappropriate loss of physical and mental stamina,
1 Reduces Sleep: Unrefreshed sleep
1 Increases Neurological-Sleep: Chaotic diurnal sleep rhythms (Erratic Sleep)
1 Increases General: Myalgia (pain)
1 Reduces General: Headaches
1 Reduces Neurological: Confusion
1 Reduces Neurological: Impairment of concentration
1 Reduces Neurological: Short-term memory issues
1 Reduces Neurological: Disorientation
1 Reduces Neurological: Difficulty processing information (Understanding)
1 Reduces Neurological: Word-finding problems
1 Increases Neurological-Vision: inability to focus eye/vision
1 Reduces Neurological-Vision: photophobia (Light Sensitivity)
1 Reduces Neurological-Audio: hypersensitivity to noise
1 Reduces Neurological: emotional overload
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: Orthostatic intolerance
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS)
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: light-headedness
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: nausea
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: irritable bowel syndrome
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: urinary frequency dysfunction
1 Increases Autonomic Manifestations: bladder dysfunction
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: palpitations
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: exertional dyspnea
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Rapid muscular fatigability,
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Rapid cognitive fatigability,
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: General
1 Increases Neuroendocrine Manifestations: subnormal body temperature
1 Increases Neuroendocrine Manifestations: sweating episodes
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: cold extremities
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: intolerance of extremes of heat and cold
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: marked weight change
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: abnormal appetite
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: loss of adaptability
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: worsening of symptoms with stress.
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: tender lymph nodes
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: recurrent flu-like symptoms
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: general malaise
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: new food sensitivities
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: medication sensitivities.
1 Reduces Onset: Sudden
1 Reduces Onset: Gradual
1 Reduces Infection: Lyme
1 Reduces Virus: Epstein-Barr virus
1 Reduces Comorbid: Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
1 Reduces Comorbid: Fibromyalgia
1 Reduces Comorbid: Hypothyroidism
1 Reduces Neurological: Neuropathy
1 Reduces Neurological: Dysautonomia
1 Reduces Neurological: Myoclonic jerks or seizures
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Excessive adrenaline
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Paraesthesia (tingling burning of skin)
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Muscle weakness
1 Reduces Neurological: Cognitive/Sensory Overload
1 Reduces Neurological-Sleep: Insomnia
1 Reduces Neurological-Sleep: Vivid Dreams/Nightmares
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Bloating
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Abdominal Pain
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Constipation
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Diarrhea
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Air Hunger
1 Reduces Neurological: Difficulty reading
1 Reduces Neurological: Joint hypermobility
1 Reduces Onset: less than 02 years since onset
1 Reduces Onset: less than 04 years since onset
1 Reduces Onset: less than 16 years since onset
1 Reduces Onset: less than 32 years since onset
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Alcohol Intolerant
1 Reduces Neurological-Audio: Tinnitus (ringing in ear)
1 Reduces Neurological-Sleep: Night Sweats
1 Reduces Neurological-Sleep: Sleep Apnea
1 Reduces Neurological: High degree of Empathy before onset
1 Reduces Neurological: Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Dry Eye (Sicca or Sjogren Syndrome)
1 Increases Comorbid-Mouth: Dry Mouth
1 Reduces Comorbid: Mold Sensitivity / Exposure
1 Reduces Neurological-Vision: Blurred Vision
1 Increases Virus: Human Herpesvirus 6 positive (HHV6)
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Hair loss
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Thick blood / Hypercoagulation
1 Reduces Neurological-Sleep: Inability for deep (delta) sleep
1 Reduces Comorbid-Mouth: Gingivits / Gum Disease
1 Increases Comorbid-Mouth: TMJ / Dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint syndrome
1 Increases Comorbid-Mouth: Bruxism - Jaw cleanching / Teeth grinding
1 Reduces Autonomic Manifestations: Cortisol disorders or irregularity
1 Reduces Comorbid: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)
1 Reduces Comorbid: Inflammatory bowel disease
1 Reduces Comorbid: Restless Leg
1 Reduces Comorbid: Histamine or Mast Cell issues
1 Reduces Neurological: Executive Decision Making (Difficulty making)
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Rapid muscular fatiguability
1 Reduces Gender: Male
1 Reduces Gender: Female
1 Reduces Onset: 2010-2020
1 Reduces Onset: 2000-2010
1 Reduces Age: 20-30
1 Reduces Age: 30-40
1 Reduces Age: 40-50
1 Reduces Age: 50-60
1 Increases Age: 60-70
1 Reduces Sleep: Need to nap daily
1 Reduces Sleep: Problems falling asleep
1 Reduces Sleep: Problems staying asleep
1 Reduces Sleep: Waking up early in the morning (e.g. 3 AM)
1 Reduces Sleep: Daytime drowsiness
1 Reduces Pain: Pain or aching in muscles
1 Increases Pain: Joint pain
1 Reduces Pain: Eye pain
1 Reduces Pain: Aching of the eyes or behind the eyes
1 Increases Pain: Sensitivity to pain
1 Increases Pain: Myofascial pain
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine: Lost or gained weight without trying
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine: Lack of appetite
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine: Cold limbs (e.g. arms, legs hands)
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine: Feeling hot or cold for no reason
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine: Feeling like you have a high temperature
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine: Alcohol intolerance
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine: Temperature fluctuations throughout the day
1 Reduces Immune: Recurrent Sore throat
1 Reduces Immune: Tender / sore lymph nodes
1 Reduces Immune: Flu-like symptoms
1 Reduces Immune: Sensitivity to smell/food/medication/chemicals
1 Reduces Immune: Viral infections with prolonged recovery periods
1 Reduces Other: Sensitivity to mold
1 Reduces Other: Sensitivity to vibrations
1 Reduces Autonomic: Nausea
1 Reduces Autonomic: Shortness of breath
1 Reduces Autonomic: Dizziness or fainting
1 Reduces Autonomic: Irregular heartbeats
1 Increases Autonomic: Heart rate increase after standing
1 Reduces Autonomic: Inability to tolerate an upright position
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Problems remembering things
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Difficulty paying attention for a long period of time
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Difficulty expressing thoughts
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Difficulty understanding things
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Can only focus on one thing at a time
1 Increases Neurocognitive: Unable to focus vision and/or attention
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Slowness of thought
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Absent-mindedness or forgetfulness
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Feeling disoriented
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Post-exertional malaise
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Next-day soreness after everyday activities
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Mentally tired after the slightest effort
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Physically tired after minimum exercise
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Physically drained or sick after mild activity
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Muscle fatigue after mild physical activity
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Worsening of symptoms after mild physical activity
1 Reduces Post-exertional malaise: Worsening of symptoms after mild mental activity
1 Increases Post-exertional malaise: Difficulty reading after mild physical or mental activity
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Autism
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
1 Increases Official Diagnosis: Autoimmune Disease
1 Increases Official Diagnosis: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS/ME)
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Depression
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Irritable Bowel Syndrome
1 Increases Joint: Stiffness and swelling
1 Reduces Joint: Tenderness
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Mucus in the stool
1 Reduces Comorbid-Mouth: Mouth Sores
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Inflammation of skin, eyes or joints
1 Reduces General: Depression
1 Reduces Neurocognitive: Brain Fog
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Painful menstrual periods
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Fibromyalgia
1 Increases Official Diagnosis: Mast Cell Dysfunction
1 Reduces Immune Manifestations: Inflammation (General)
1 Reduces Comorbid: Carbohydrate intolerance
1 Reduces Comorbid: Methylation issues (MTHFR)
1 Reduces Immune: Chronic Sinusitis
1 Increases Autonomic: Ocassional Tachycardia (Rapid heart beat)
1 Increases Blood Type: O Positive
1 Reduces Blood Type: A Positive
1 Reduces Comorbid: Salicylate sensitive
1 Reduces General: Heavy feeling in arms and legs
1 Reduces General: Sinus issues with headaches
1 Increases Comorbid: High Anxiety
1 Reduces Comorbid: Sugars cause sleep or cognitive issues
1 Reduces Comorbid: Mood Swings
1 Reduces Comorbid: Constipation and Diarrohea (not explosions)
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever)
1 Increases Comorbid: Snoring (NOT Sleep Apnea
1 Reduces Comorbid: Sleep Apnea Diagnosis
1 Reduces Comorbid: Migraine
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
1 Reduces Comorbid: Panic Attacks
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Racing heart
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Shortness of breath
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Upset stomach
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Abdomen pain
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Weight change
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Poor Appetite
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Dizziness
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Ringing in the Ears
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Night sweats
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Tense muscles
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Chilled or shivery
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Hot or Cold spells
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Feeling like you have a temperature
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Temperature lower than normal
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Tingling feeling
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Blurred Vision
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Abnormal sensitivity to light
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Eye pain
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Rash
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Allergies
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Chemical sensitivity
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Muscle weakness
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Feel unsteady on feet
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Need to nap during each day
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty falling asleep
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty staying asleep
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Walking up early in the morning (e.g. 3AM)
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Slowness of thought
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Absent-mindedness
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Confusion/disorientation
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty reasoning things out
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Forgetting what you are trying to say
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty finding the right word
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty following things
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty comprehending Information
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Need to have to focus on one thing at a time
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Frequently loose train of thought
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Trouble expressing thoughts
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty retaining information
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Difficulty recalling information
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Frequently get words or numbers in the wrong order
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Slow to react
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : New trouble with math
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Concern with driving
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Anxiety/tension
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Easily irritated
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Depression
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Mood swings
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Does physical activity make you feel better
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Does physical activity make you feel worse
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Fatigue
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Sore Throat
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Muscle Pain (i.e., sensations of pain or aching in your muscles. This does not include weakness or pain in other areas such as joints)
1 Increases DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Pain in Multiple Joints without Swelling or Redness
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Impaired Memory & concentration
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Nausea
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Sensitivity to Alcohol
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Unrefreshing Sleep, that is waking up feeling tired
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Post-exertional malaise, feeling worse after doing activities that require either physical or mental exertion
1 Reduces DePaul University Fatigue Questionnaire : Headaches
1 Reduces Condition: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
1 Reduces Condition: Acne
1 Reduces Condition: Generalized anxiety disorder
1 Reduces Condition: Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity
1 Reduces Condition: ME/CFS with IBS
1 Reduces Condition: ME/CFS without IBS
1 Reduces Physical: Tonsils removed
1 Increases Physical: Amalgam fillings
1 Reduces Physical: Northern European
1 Reduces Physical: Eastern European
1 Reduces Physical: Long term (chronic) stress
1 Reduces Physical: Breastfed
1 Reduces Physical: Pets
1 Reduces Physical: Good Air Quality
1 Reduces Physical: Organic Diet
1 Reduces Physical: Work-Sitting
1 Reduces Physical: Steps Per Day < 2000
1 Reduces Physical: Steps Per Day 2000-4000
1 Increases Physical: Steps Per Day 4000-8000
1 Reduces Physical: Steps Per Day 8000-16000
1 Reduces Neuroendocrine Manifestations: Poor gut motility
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: Hypercholesterolemia (High Cholesterol)
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: COVID19 (Long Hauler)
1 Increases Immune Manifestations: Chronic Flatus / Flatulence / gas
1 Reduces Official Diagnosis: COVID19 (Fully Recovered)
1 Reduces General: Anhedonia (inability to feel pleasure)

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Mathematically modelled modifiers

Foods Containing the Legionella bacteria

Data comes from FoodMicrobionet. For the meaning of weight, see that site. The bacteria does not need to be alive to have an effect.

Beer Weight: 0.1696 Robiola di Roccaverano Cheese (Italy) Weight: 0.09701 tomato sour soup metagenome Weight: 0.0451 Liqvan cheese cheese Weight: 0.02937 Malaysian fermented fish sauce Weight: 0.02432 Sausage, Cyprus: Limassol Weight: 0.02115 Lard Farm Weight: 0.01163 Ham fermented for 4 years Weight: 0.007778 Chinese fish sauce Weight: 0.006886 Swiss-Dutch-type cheese Weight: 0.001406 yoghurt fermentation Weight: 0.0008667379800700497

I would like to know what can change the quality that I have

Data Contradictions β€” Limits of Certainity

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Antibiotics, Antivirals etc fluoroquinolone (antibiotic)s 1 Studies recorded. The consensus is Decreases👶, Click for details.

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