Details about Levinea Young et al. 1971: NCBI 544

gram-negative or unknown

Other Names: Citrobacter Citrobacter Werkman and Gillen 1932 Levinea Levinea Young et al. 1971

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Distribution Chart and Statistics    |    End Products Produced   |    📚 PubMed Citations

Recommended reading: Taxonomy Nightmare

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SourcePercentagesamples
es-xenogene 80 % 5
SequentiaBiotech 48.72 % 39
CosmosId 15.38 % 13
AmericanGut 22.22 % 18
custom 0 % 1
Microba 0 % 5
uBiome 7.19 % 839
Thryve 3.09 % 552
BiomeSight 19.19 % 345

Desired Levels from Some Experts

Percentage Seen in Sample
Low Boundary High Boundary Source
0 %1.5968 % Kaltoft-Moltrup Normal Ranges
0 %0.001 %--

Ranges can vary from lab to lab because of different equipment and software being used.

Possible Health Impacts

  • Pathogen

I would like to know about this bacteria's

From Published Science

Based on Studies on PubMed
Medical ConditionDirectionPValue
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) Motor Neuron High 📚 1 citations
Ankylosing spondylitis Low 📚 2 citations
Crohn's Disease High 📚 1 citations
Crohn's Disease Low 📚 1 citations
Liver Cirrhosis High 📚 1 citations
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (nafld) Nonalcoholic High 📚 1 citations
Parkinson's Disease Low 📚 1 citations
rheumatoid arthritis (RA),Spondyloarthritis (SpA) High 📚 1 citations
Rosacea Low 📚 1 citations
Ulcerative colitis High 📚 1 citations
Ulcerative colitis Low 📚 1 citations

I would like to know what can change the quality that I have

You can compare microbiome impact of these by checking the desired items (try keeping the numbers below six(6) and clicking

📓 - direct citation | 👪 - Impacts Parent Taxa | 👶 - Impacts Child Taxa | 🧙 - Inferred
Search Hints: Spice | Herb | Vitamin | Probiotics | Diet | Food | Amino |Flavonoids
General Substance Specific Substance Effect
acriflavine (prescription) acriflavin (prescription) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) amikacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 4 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) aminoglycoside (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) dibekacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) gentamicin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 4 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) isepamicin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) kanamycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) lividomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) neomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) netilmicin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) paromomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) ribostamycin sulfate salt (antibiotic) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) sisomicin sulfate (antibiotic) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) spectinomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) streptomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
aminoglycosides antibiotics (prescription) tobramycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc amikacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 4 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc aminoglycoside (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc amoxicillin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc ampicillin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc aztreonam (antibiotic) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc benzylpenicillin sodium (antibiotic) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc beta lactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc carbapenem (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc cefotaxime sodium salt (antibiotic) 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc cefoxitin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc ceftazidime (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc ceftriaxone (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc cephamycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc chloramphenicol (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc ciprofloxacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc clarithromycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc cloxacillin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc dibekacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc fluoroquinolone (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc gentamicin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 4 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc glycylcycline (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc imipenem (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc isepamicin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc kanamycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc lividomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc macrolide ((antibiotic)s) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc meropenem 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc meropenem (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc minocycline (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc monobactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc neomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc netilmicin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc ofloxacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc paromomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc penicillin-moxalactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc piperacillin-tazobactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 4 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc ribostamycin sulfate salt (antibiotic) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc sisomicin sulfate (antibiotic) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc spectinomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc streptomycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc sulfonamide (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc tetracycline (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc tobramycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
Antibiotics, Antivirals etc trimethoprim (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
aspartame sugar aspartame (sweetner) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) amoxicillin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) ampicillin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) beta lactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) carbapenem (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) cefoxitin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) ceftazidime (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) ceftriaxone (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) cephamycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) imipenem (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) meropenem 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) meropenem (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) monobactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
beta-lactam antibiotics (prescription) piperacillin-tazobactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 4 studies
bifidobacterium animalis lactis probiotic bifidobacterium animalis lactis (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Bifidobacterium probiotics bifidobacterium animalis lactis (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
chitosan supplements chitosan,(sugar) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
chloramphenicol family antibiotics (prescription) chloramphenicol (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Diet Style dietary fiber 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Food (excluding seasonings) fish oil 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Food (excluding seasonings) pomegranate (fruit, juice etc) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice Ajwain (trachyspermum ammi) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice allium cepa 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice anise 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice brassica juncea 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice cinnamomum tamala 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice cinnamomum zeylanicum 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice coriander oil 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice fenugreek 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice ginger 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice glycyrrhizic acid (licorice) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice licorice 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice Mango ginger(curcuma amada) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice nigella sativa seed (black cumin) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice schinus molle (herb) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice Slippery Elm 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice Spearmint(mentha spicata) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice Sumac(Rhus coriaria) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice syzygium aromaticum (clove) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice thyme (thymol, thyme oil) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Herb or Spice triphala 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
high fiber diet dietary fiber 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
inulin prebiotics inulin (prebiotic) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus acidophilus probiotics lactobacillus acidophilus (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus casei probiotics lactobacillus casei (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus helveticus probiotics lactobacillus helveticus,lactobacillus rhamnosus (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus plantarum probiotics lactobacillus plantarum (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus probiotics - not specific lactobacillus acidophilus (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus probiotics - not specific lactobacillus casei (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus probiotics - not specific lactobacillus helveticus,lactobacillus rhamnosus (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus probiotics - not specific lactobacillus plantarum (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus probiotics - not specific lactobacillus reuteri (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus reuteri probiotics lactobacillus reuteri (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
lactobacillus rhamnosus probiotics lactobacillus helveticus,lactobacillus rhamnosus (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
macrolide antibiotics (prescription) clarithromycin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
macrolide antibiotics (prescription) macrolide ((antibiotic)s) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
not classified Agavins (agave sugar) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
not classified Ajwain (trachyspermum ammi) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified allium cepa 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified Aspartame 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
not classified bifidobacterium bifidum (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified brassica juncea 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified cinnamomum tamala 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified cinnamomum zeylanicum 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B-12) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified folic acid,(supplement Vitamin B9) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified Lactobacillus Reuteri 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified licorice 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified Mango ginger(curcuma amada) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified proton-pump inhibitors (prescription) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
not classified Spearmint(mentha spicata) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified Sumac(Rhus coriaria) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
not classified Thymol 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
not classified Vitamin B-12 (Cyanocobalamin) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
oligosaccharide (prebiotic) Human milk oligosaccharides (prebiotic, Holigos, Stachyose) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
omega 3 supplements fish oil 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
penicillins antibiotics (prescription) cloxacillin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
penicillins antibiotics (prescription) penicillin-moxalactam (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
pomegranate fruit pomegranate (fruit, juice etc) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Prebiotics and similar Human milk oligosaccharides (prebiotic, Holigos, Stachyose) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Prebiotics and similar inulin (prebiotic) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Probiotics bifidobacterium animalis lactis (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Probiotics lactobacillus acidophilus (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Probiotics lactobacillus casei (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Probiotics lactobacillus helveticus,lactobacillus rhamnosus (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Probiotics lactobacillus plantarum (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Probiotics lactobacillus reuteri (probiotics) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
quinolones family antibiotics (prescription) ciprofloxacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
quinolones family antibiotics (prescription) fluoroquinolone (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
quinolones family antibiotics (prescription) ofloxacin (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 2 studies
Sugar and similar aspartame (sweetner) 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Sugar and similar chitosan,(sugar) 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
sulfonamide antibiotics (prescription) sulfonamide (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
tetracycline family antibiotics (prescription) glycylcycline (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
tetracycline family antibiotics (prescription) minocycline (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
tetracycline family antibiotics (prescription) tetracycline (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
trimethoprim antibiotics (prescription) trimethoprim (antibiotic)s 📓 📚 Decreases from 3 studies
Vitamins, Minerals and similar iron 📓 📚 Increases from 1 studies
Vitamins, Minerals and similar selenium 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Vitamins, Minerals and similar vitamim e 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Vitamins, Minerals and similar vitamin a 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Vitamins, Minerals and similar vitamin d 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies
Vitamins, Minerals and similar zinc 📓 📚 Decreases from 1 studies

A P-value below 0.0001 is the recommended threshold. A larger R-Square value means a stronger relationship. This is unpublished data using Properitary Artificial Intelligence.

🔐 Details about Levinea Young et al. 1971: Bacteria Interplay


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